DETERMINANTS OF HOUSEHOLD FOOD INSECURITY IN SEKOTA DISTRICT, WAGHIMIRA ZONE

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted in Sekota woreda, Waghimira Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia with the main objective of identifying determinants of food insecurity that influence the food security status of rural farm households in the study area. A simpl random sampling method was employed to select 282 sampling units from four kebeles. Both primary and secondary data sources were used to collect the relevant data for this study. The primary data were collected through structured questionnaires and observations, while secondary data were conducted from various sources. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and econometric model. Descriptive statistics such as standard deviation, percentage, mean, and t-test were used to describe the characteristics of food secure and food insecure groups. The descriptive analysis result revealed that about (65%) of the households were found to be food insecure while (35.2%) were found to be food secure. Moreover, the binary logistic regression model was fitted to analyze the potential determinants affecting household food insecurity in the study area. Among eleven explanatory variables included in the logistic model, nine of them were found to be significant at 5 and 1 percent probability levels. The variables that determine the probability of households’ food security status positively affected were sex of household, family size, landholding size of the household,number of oxen owned, education level of the household head, and fertilizer using statues of the household while the remaining variable of the number of dependent in the household,age and livestock size of the household determines the probability of households’ food security status negatively affected. Thus, priority should be given to these factors while strategy and policy aimed to improve rural household’s food security status, to limit population size through integrated family planning and education services. There is also a need to strengthen and expand both formal and informal or skill training for the rural household, support the productivity of land and livestock through integrated strategies to enhance rural household food security status.

Keywords:Sekota Woreda, Household Food Insecurity, Food Security Status, Logistic Model.

 

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