How to Write a Curriculum Vitae (CV) for a Job Application

How to Write a Curriculum Vitae (CV) for a Job Application

The main objective of the Curriculum Vitae is to motivate the employer to have an interview with the candidate. In order to help you achieve this goal, in the next few lines, we provide you with some basic principles that govern the preparation of a CV.


The Curriculum Vitae should be structured in a way that it:


  • Highlights the key characteristics of the candidate at a first glance.
  • Perfectly presents his/her academic and professional background (usually in chronological order, starting from the latest ones).
  • Mentions specific duties and responsibilities (they need to be as clear and quantified as possible).



The Curriculum Vitae should contain the following information, preferably in the proposed order:


  • Personal data: Include full name, contact information, date of birth, nationality and marital status
  • Professional Profile (short self-presentation): Write a short description (2 – 4 lines) outlining who you are and what your professional skills and personal goals are
  • Professional experience: Mention in reverse chronological order:
    • Hire and Leave dates 
    • Job titles and responsibilities
    • Company names

Remember to include all the things you achieved while in each position.


  • Education: Include information on the following, again in reverse chronological order:
    • The dates diplomas or certifications were acquired
    • The names of the academic institutions you attended
    • The diplomas or certifications you received
  • Foreign languages / Computer skills: include your level of knowledge and refer to certifications if available
  • Additional (optional) section: Hobbies and interests, participation in organizations and recommendations from professors or former employers/supervisors can be added at the end of the Curriculum Vitae


  1. In case you are in the beginning of your career, place education before professional experience, while you can also mention more details, like thesis’s title, etc.
  2. The curriculum vitae must not be longer than two pages. If you want to present publications, research work etc, it is better to use an appendix.
  3. Write short and specific texts, structured in a way that the most important information is given in the first page.
  4. Be smart, but not excessive, regarding text formatting (with bold letters and bullets), in order to capture the reader’s attention on the main points.
  5. Where possible, use professional terminology that shows familiarity with the industry and avoid negative expressions.
  6. Use first singular person on all text.

Once prepared, show your Curriculum Vitae to someone you trust and ask for their suggestions for improvements.