Abstract: Ethiopia has 28,163,332 goat populations with 11 phenotypically and 8 in genotypically distinct goat breeds. Even though the country as well as the region has large size of goat population, the productivity per unit of animal is relatively low. Therefore, the objective of this research was to identify the indigenous goat types for designing product specific breeding strategy. The study was conducted in three goat potential districts of different agro-ecology. For the study, ranks and body measurements for economically important traits identification were employed. The results of this study revealed that goats are ranked as the first important livestock species in Ebnat and Gonji kolela districts and the second in Farta district cattle. The results of
selection of goat types based on quantitative traits also shown that average body length (BL) for dairy, dual and meat type goats were 59.65±0.58, 54.87±0.69 and 55.52±0.74cm, respectively. Dairy type goats have significantly higher (p<0.05) average pelvic width (15.05±0.20 cm) than dual (13.09±0.24 cm) and meat (12.70±0.25 cm) type goats. Selection of goat types based on dairy specific traits revealed that average rear udder diameter (RUD) for dairy, dual and meat type female goats were 10.04±0.22, 8.66±0.37 and 8.01±0.30 cm, respectively. Rear udder length (RUL), udder circumference (UCC) and teat length (TTL) in these breeds averaged were 17.14±0.28, 31.39±0.59and 3.71±0.07cm, 14.21±0.48, 26.75±1.01 and 3.41±0.12cm and 13.44±0.38, 24.67±0.81 and 3.01±0.09 cm, respectively. In conclusion, there were significant differences among indigenous dairy type, dual and meat type goats in almost all traits. However, farmers did not use product specific specialized production system and thus, technological intervention is crucial to alleviate the identified constraints and improve product specific
indigenous goat development.
Key words: Agro-ecology Goat types Selection Traits